# Maths instruction words

Author: | H Cooke (Unknown affiliation) |

Description: | This resource identifies the key terms used in Mathematics assignments, defining them in a way in which assists student understanding of assignment titles and questions. |

Estimated activity time: | 20 minutes |

Type of media: | Handout/s, Webpage, Helpsheet |

Licence: |
Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 3.0 (This resource can be freely repurposed and reused) |

Category: | Assessment Numeracy, Maths and Statistics |

Tags: |
Study guide |

Date: | This information/resource was last updated in . |

# MATHS INSTRUCTION WORDS

This post was originally added to Learnhigher on:

Adapted from Cooke, H (2003) *â€˜Success with Mathematics*â€™ Routledge

Adapt | indicate doing a mathematical activity and then reporting on the process and result |

Apply | you must answer the question in a particular way indicated by whatever words immediately follow each of these cueing terms |

Assume | you must answer the question in a particular way indicated by whatever words immediately follow each of these cueing terms |

Attach | you need to provide evidence of having used something, for example a particular software package |

Calculate | work out and show your working, using standard results and techniques |

Compile (a table...) | you must answer the question in a particular way indicated by whatever words immediately follow each of these cueing terms |

Confirm | you must justify each step and provide a convincing argument |

Consider | you must answer the question in a particular way indicated by whatever words immediately follow each of these cueing terms |

Construct | indicate doing a mathematical activity and then reporting on the process and result |

Decide (if, whether...) | you must justify each step and provide a convincing argument |

Deduce | you must justify each step and provide a convincing argument |

Define (in terms of...) | you must answer the question in a particular way indicated by whatever words immediately follow each of these cueing terms |

Demonstrate | you must justify each step and provide a convincing argument |

Derive | you must justify each step and provide a convincing argument |

Design | you must justify each step and provide a convincing argument |

Determine | work out and show your working, using standard results and techniques; may also mean that you must justify each step and provide a convincing argument |

Devise | indicate doing a mathematical activity and then reporting on the process and result |

Differentiate | work out and show your working, using standard results and techniques |

Draw | you must answer the question in a particular way indicated by whatever words immediately follow each of these cueing terms |

Evaluate | work out and show your working, using standard results and techniques |

Expand | work out and show your working, using standard results and techniques |

Explain | you must justify each step and provide a convincing argument |

Explore | indicate doing a mathematical activity and then reporting on the process and result |

Express/Express briefly | write down without justification ie no working need be shown |

Factorise | work out and show your working, using standard results and techniques |

Find | work out and show your working, using standard results and techniques: may also indicate doing a mathematical activity and then reporting on the process and result |

Give | write down without justification ie no working need be shown |

Identify | you must justify each step and provide a convincing argument |

Illustrate | you must justify each step and provide a convincing argument |

Include | you need to provide evidence of having used something, for example a particular software package |

Indicate | you must justify each step and provide a convincing argument |

Integrate | work out and show your working, using standard results and techniques |

Investigate | work out and show your working, using standard results and techniques |

Justify | you must justify each step and provide a convincing argument |

List | write down without justification ie no working need be shown |

Make (a table, a list...) | you must answer the question in a particular way indicated by whatever words immediately follow each of these cueing terms |

Obtain | indicate doing a mathematical activity and then reporting on the process and result |

Plot | you must answer the question in a particular way indicated by whatever words immediately follow each of these cueing terms |

PRedict | you must justify each step and provide a convincing argument |

Produce | indicate doing a mathematical activity and then reporting on the process and result |

Prove | you must justify each step and provide a convincing argument |

Provide | you need to provide evidence of having used something, for example a particular software package |

Show | you must justify each step and provide a convincing argument |

Simplify | work out and show your working, using standard results and techniques |

Sketch | you must answer the question in a particular way indicated by whatever words immediately follow each of these cueing terms |

Solve | work out and show your working, using standard results and techniques |

Specify | write down without justification ie no working need be shown |

State | write down without justification ie no working need be shown |

Submit (a printout, a list...) | you need to provide evidence of having used something, for example a particular software package |

Supply | you need to provide evidence of having used something, for example a particular software package |

Suppose | you must answer the question in a particular way indicated by whatever words immediately follow each of these cueing terms |

Test | you must justify each step and provide a convincing argument |

Transform | work out and show your working, using standard results and techniques |

Translate | indicate doing a mathematical activity and then reporting on the process and result |

Use | you must answer the question in a particular way indicated by whatever words immediately follow each of these cueing terms |

Verify | you must justify each step and provide a convincing argument |

Write down | write down without justification ie no working need be shown |